Although the term “leadership” is defined differently depending on the experiences, the level of understanding and other metaphysical philosophies, which the purposes are obviously going to be the same destination. Both secular and Buddhist viewpoints will be considered while defining “leadership”. A detail description is as follows:
Leadership is influencing people by providing purpose, direction and motivation – while operating to accomplish the mission as stated in the U.S. Army Handbook.
It is the ability to gather followers, bring like-minded people together to get remarkable things done – creating conditions for a team to be effective and having tools to solve social problems related to leadership.
Leadership definitions lucidly imply the democratic practice and soft strategies to induce a follower to behave in a desired manner towards the goals. It is indeed compatibly agreeable with the teachings of the Buddha. A work is done by the individual volition, not by any force. Therefore, one endowed with these qualifications is verily a “leader”.In fact, the truly effective leaders lead with both mind (science) and heart (art) – with cognitive and emotional intelligence. Leaders differ from non-leaders in their drives – they have the desire to lead, they have honesty and integrity, heedfulness and self-confidence, of their own areas of activities. They never neglect any details. When everyone’s mind is dulled or distracted, the leader must be doubly vigilant.
To recognize and acknowledge the effective empirical leadership principles found in Buddhism, the explanation of a few preliminary and relevant Buddhist terminologies are essential to prepare trustworthy principles. They are as follows:
To start with, cakka (Skt. Cakra) which discussed the four qualities. The possessor of it attains greatness and abundance of wealth. These four qualities are as follows:
(1) He lives in a place that suitable for living and where the socio-political conditions are right
(2) He has wise and loyal followers who are resourceful; the populace who are intelligent, mature, healthy and capable
(3) He has set himself on a proper course of kingship
(4) These are the results that he has done many wholesome deeds in his past lives, he is called a cakkavatti which translated as “universal monarch”. Thus, cakkavatti has the extraordinary characteristics that convince his leadership to fulfill the wish of people. The synonym of cakkavatti is rājā. When rājā followed by dhamma, which is designated as the constitution, law, doctrine, and justice, it is called rājadhamma.