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The Buddhist Concept of World Order

A philosophy-rich Buddhism, there are several teachings that revealed by the Buddha that is should be considered to build the world order. Buddha himself left his royal throne to become the monk because he was tired of world affairs that full of problems. However, it did not mean that he did not care about the world affair but to find the New Way for all. The situations of the world as mentioned, conflicts, chaos, disorder, power hungry, competitions, the strong exploits the weak, to Buddhist teaching it was nothing new and strange.

The Buddha knew these things since he was a young boy. “Seeing the lizard eating the aunts, lizard eaten by a snake, the snake eaten by eagle, the eagle eaten by human, and human die because of human or sickness, old aged” he realized that that is the nature of the world. The world led by creed (ambition), hated and illusions is never out of problem, never out of fighting. The Buddha himself was the one who made great effort to build up the world order of peace and prosperity not only in one life but the previous lives also. When he found the New Way he taught to his disciples and set up the rules and order to lead the ideal community of monks and lay Buddhists. The teaching that has its center on Sila (rule of law, discipline), Samadhi (morality and obligation, sacrifice, virtuous deed) and Panna (wisdom, ability of analysis and evaluation) can be considered for the appropriate concept for New World Order.

To Buddha, in order to build an order country, state, group, the rule is required. Without the rule and implementation it the organization is not a valuable and dignified. The rule which in Buddhism Vinaya mean the law for taming bodily and verbal actions. We must have the lines and the rules for what should be spoken, what should not, what should be acted and what should not. The value and dignity of group, nations, is determined by the order and the way of life of the members. Without order, it is disorder. However, in Buddhism the rule and implementation of the rule is not enough. The rule is just for ordinary people, not for the great people. If people do not do something wrong because they afraid of punishment, that is not a dignified and valuable country yet. Unless the members of that country feel shame and fear of bad deed, the country not far away from disorder and cannot make sure that people will have a good life. So, we need the sense of morality and obligation of each member. They must tam their mind and heart to their responsibility as human beings, kindness, and compassion not only just what the rule says. Thirdly, beyond these stages is the cultivation of their mind to gain the wisdom of compassion, loving-kindness, and so on. That is what the New World Order that Buddha created to revolt the Old World Order of ancient India at that time.

In Vinaya Buddha laid out the principle that concern with the daily activities and every world that we speak out that everyone must obey to make sure that the group or organization is in order. The word you speak and the behavior you act must make sure that you are in the way that it is permitted. If you abused, you have to be punished according to mistake. The benefit of Vinaya are keep organization in order, protect the good, and punish the wrong doer, for the good of all members and so on. When the members of Sangka were increased the Buddha expounded the main rule as the way of their practiced. Ovadapatimokha is the rule of the Buddhist monk that has to recite and remind twice a month. Return to the whole world, we can learn from the Buddha that “there must be a good international law” that is not only the state that has to obey but its member also. The causes of conflicts come from the lack of trust, confidence and ambitions among the states. The Buddha laid out the concept of moralities and obligations that is not the rule but in the name of the dignity of human beings. In Singhalavagga Sutta and many various suttas Buddha expounded the obligations and moralities of each individual in society.

It included the morality and obligation as the children, as the parents, as employee and employer, and religious clergy and lay people, as the scholar, as the leader and so on. Everyone must have the conscience as human beings, and waken to what they are doing. This is the second principle for the New World Order in the Buddhist concept. Then it is the time to build the real peace, compassion and loving-kindness because the New/Old World Disorder has been happened because lack of these qualities. Wisdom is not the brainy capability to gain ones interest by harming others. It is the good heart with the good brainy capability to share the happiness as the name of shared world being, as the same human beings.