There are many concepts and philosophers envisioned about the principles and qualities of becoming a great leader. The concept that envisioned by Machiavelli based on the power, strategy, deception, and intelligent. Socrates, Aristotle, and Plato based on the ability to bring social justice and to make sure that people will have a good life. Confucius based on the virtue and good example. Among the various qualities of a leader that discoursed by Buddha, Dasa Raja Dharma will be discussed to seeking the moral code for global leaders.
In the cakkavatti sutta, Buddha pointed out the ten virtues of a leader that has to practice in seeking peace, happiness, and prosperity for his people. This is called Dasavidha–rājadhamma means that the ten principles that a leader and minister must have. They are: 1) giving and sharing the properties, the benefits, advices, positions, knowledge with his officers and people. 2.) Practicing moral conduct, self-disciplinary and refrainment, be good example to all people and minister, purifying himself from bad things. 3.) Being able to sacrifice his interest for the good of people. 4) Being honest and respect himself, his people and his duties. 5. Show his friendliness, humbleness and coziness to all people 6.) Be able to control his passion, anger, and greediness. 7.) Able to calm down, able to control his anger. 8) Being a peaceful person, considerable and diplomatic. 9) Be able to bear any hardship with the job and people, listen to others. 10) Working with wisdom and calmness to promote peace and order.
In other sutta Buddha mentioned ten qualities of leader and minister that one should consider whether one deserve it. People have to consider these qualities in him before deciding to choose him/her to be a representative. They are: 1) Thero rataññū: he is a matured, experienced, not a hot-tempered one, 2) Silavā: a high-disciplined person and obey the law, 3) Bahussuto: a long-sighted, wise and high-educated person, 4) svāgatapadimokkho: understand the national, regional and international law, treaties, and problems, 5) Adhikarasamudpadavosamakusalo: has enough capacity and good at resolving problems peacefully and acceptably, 6) Dharmakāmo: wishing for the good, happiness and stability (not a trouble-maker) ,7) Santuddho: wishing not to exploit others, not a greedy or selfish person, 8) Dhyānalāpī: a physical and mental healthy person, a strong-will and straight person, 9) Pasādiko: has a good reputation, loved and respected person, and10) Anāsavacetovimuttipaññāvimutti: a concentrated and highly-stood person.
These are the ten principles that every leader and minister in modern age have to practice to be a new global order leader and minister. The leader that lack of these virtues should not be considered as a leader or minister in the global era, and he should not lead the people in internet age. He is should be called a primitive, pre-historical, tribal or outdated leader and minister. He is a new world order leader whether he is in a communist or democratic country if he practices the ten principles. He is an honorable, famous, popular and respected leader by all nations and people.