The written record history of China date as early as 1500 BC during Shang dynasty. However, the most ancient was Xia dynasty from 2070-1600 BC. The slavery probably emerged during this period because of slavering the prisoners. The cultural cultures of Shang were developed through Yellow and Yangtze rivers. They worshipped the God and ancestors.
Then following by Zhou dynasty from 1046-771 BC in which the concept of the mandate of heaven which means that the emperors or the rulers were sent by God to control the people. It was the same to the concept of divine theory in the west that used to rule the people. It was believed that the rulers were superior to all human, and it was sinful to against or disobey the rulers. The collapsing of Zhou dynasty given the rise to many smaller states of the period of Spring and Autumn which was a great time of spender and prosperities of cultures and philosophies that also was given the birth to the hundreds of school of thought. The wars between the small states were broken up. It was called warring states period which gave the rising too much of cultural, literature and philosophical flourishing.